|Viterbo is an ancient city and comune in the Lazio region of central Italy, the capital of the province of Viterbo.
It conquered and absorbed the neighboring town of Ferento (see Ferentium) in its early history. It is approximately 80 kilometres (50 miles) north of GRA (Rome) on the Via Cassia, and it is surrounded by the Monti Ciminiand Monti Volsini. The historic center of the city is surrounded by medieval walls, still intact, built during the 11th and 12th centuries. Entrance to the walled center of the city is through ancient gates.
Apart from agriculture, the main resources of Viterbo’s area are pottery, marble, and wood. The town is home to the Italian gold reserves, an important Academy of Fine Arts, the University of Tuscia, and the Italian Army’s Aviation Command headquarters and training centre. It is located in a wide thermal area, attracting many tourists from the whole of central Italy.
Viterbo’s historic center is one of the best preserved medieval towns of central Italy. Many of the older buildings (particularly churches) are built on top of ancient ruins, recognizable by their large stones, 50 centimeters to a side. Viterbo is unique in Italy for its concentration of ‘profferli’, external staircases that were a frequent feature of medieval houses. The San Pellegrino quarter has an abundance of them, reflecting an architectural style that is unique to the town and the nearby region.
- Palazzo dei Papispolia
- Cathedral of S. Lorenzo: The Cathedral was originally erected as episcopal see of the exempt bishopric of ViterboRomanesqueLombardHercules. It was rebuilt from the sixteenth century on, and heavily damaged in 1944 by Allied bombs. The GothicbelfrySienesePope John XXIGerolamo da Cremona.
- Palazzo ComunaleBaroqueTarquinio Ligustri, Bartolomeo CavarozziLudovico Nucci.
- Santa Maria della Salute: a small Gothic